Identifying subgroups of Black, Hispanic and Asian men at increased risk for comorbid depression and overweight or obesity

Publication Abstract

Hawkins, Jaclynn, Daphne C. Watkins, Julie Ober Allen, and Jamie Mitchell. 2018. "Identifying subgroups of Black, Hispanic and Asian men at increased risk for comorbid depression and overweight or obesity." Preventive Medicine Reports, 12: 268-270.

Comorbid depression and overweight or obesity increase risk for developing many chronic diseases. Investigating men of color without using a non-Hispanic White male reference group will capture a more nuanced picture of how socio-demographic factors contribute to increased risk for comorbid depression and overweight or obesity among and between men of color. This study used the U.S.-based 2014 National Health Interview Survey (n = 1363) in May 2018 to examine associations between race/ethnicity and comorbid overweight or obesity and depression in men. Men were more likely to be obese or overweight and depressed if they were older (31-54 years old and 55+) [OR = 2.387, 95% CI: 1.526, 3.873, p = 0.000; OR = 2.220, 95% CI: 1.355, 3.635, p = 0.002], Black [OR = 2.745, 95% CI: 1.622, 4.646, p < 0.001], Hispanic [OR = 2.967, 95% CI: 1.762, 4.995, p < 0.001], or earned $35,000-$74,999 [OR = 1.987, 95% CI: 1.255-3.152, p = 0.004]. We identified socio-demographic sub-groups of men at increased risk for comorbid depression and overweight or obesity. Examining intra-group differences among men of color will help clinicians and researchers to address more nuanced socio-demographic characteristics of groups of men who are more at risk for developing a chronic disease.

10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.10.022

Keywords:
Race Obesity Depression Chronic illness Men's health Overweight

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