Temporary agricultural input subsidies have lasting impacts: The Mozambique experiment
Carter, Michael R., Rachid Laajaj, and Dean Yang. 2019. "Temporary agricultural input subsidies have lasting impacts: The Mozambique experiment." VoxDev, 13.10.19.
Subsidies need not be permanent to benefit farmers. Well-designed policy that encourages experimentation can generate widespread and lasting impacts.
The Green Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s that transformed agricultural yields and well-being in Asia and Latin America was largely the result of widespread adoption of advanced farming inputs like high-yielding crop varieties and inorganic fertilisers. This revolution bypassed sub-Saharan Africa, which has seen its share of the world's poor rise from 17% just 20 years ago to 51% today (World Bank 2018).
Country of focus: Mozambique.