H. Luke Shaefer photo

The Decline of Cash Assistance and the Well-Being of Poor Households with Children

Publication Abstract

Shaefer, H. Luke, Kathryn Edin, Vincent Fusaro, and Pinghui Wu. Forthcoming. "The Decline of Cash Assistance and the Well-Being of Poor Households with Children." Social Forces.

Since the early 1990s, the social safety net for families with children in the United States has undergone an epochal transformation. Aid to poor working families has become more generous. In contrast, assistance to the deeply poor has become less generous, and what remains more often takes the form of in-kind aid. A historical view finds that this dramatic change parallels others. For centuries, the nature and form of poor relief has been driven in part by shifting cultural notions of which social groups are "deserving" and "undeserving." This line was firmly redrawn in the 1990s. Did the re-institutionalization of these categorizations in policy have material consequences? This study examines the relationship between the decline of traditional cash welfare between 2001 and 2015 and two direct measures of wellbeing among households with children: household food insecurity and public school child homelessness. Using models that control for state and year trends, along with other factors, we find that the decline of cash assistance was associated with increases in both forms of hardship.

10.1093/sf/soz020

Browse | Search | Next

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Akilah Wise and Pamela Smock consider what 'unintended' pregnancy really means.

Harvard Magazine looks at Inglehart and Norris' book - Cultural Backlash: Trump, Brexit, & Authoritarian Populism

Courant on The Real Problem With Grade Inflation

More News

Highlights

Data Scientist Job Open at PSC/PDHP

New Investigator Mentoring Program (PDHP) Applications Sought

More Highlights


Connect with PSC follow PSC on Twitter Like PSC on Facebook