Beliefs About Family Change And Development In Turkey
Using data from an individual-level national survey of urban Turks, this research examines whether ordinary people report an understanding and acceptance of developmental idealism messages about the relationship between development and family characteristics. We examine two different aspects of developmental idealism that the recent literature distinguished as original versus new developmental idealism. An important contribution of our paper is its focus on a detailed conceptualization and measurement of developmental idealism, as we constructed six different scales that crosscut the dimensions of correlation, causation and future expectations and the original versus new distinction. Our analyses provide substantial evidence that the ideas of developmental idealism as they relate to family behaviors have been circulated widely among ordinary people in Turkey. The vast majority of Turks endorse most developmental idealism beliefs, with notable variations in responses across various aspects of developmental idealism. Our analyses also suggest that region of residence, ethnicity, education, marriage and fertility, age, gender and secularism are substantially related to developmental idealism beliefs. Furthermore, our results show that the estimated effects of the explanatory variables on developmental idealism endorsement vary across the six scales, providing evidence that understanding and acceptance of developmental idealism beliefs vary by the original versus new distinction and across the three dimensions of correlation, causation, and future expectations. Thus our paper provides evidence that developmental idealism is not a unified package of ideas but is a network of schemas related to each other with varying intensity.
Family change, developmental idealism, Turkey