Teammates on and Off the Field? - Contact With Black Teammates and the Racial Attitudes of White Student Athletes

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Brown, K.T., T.N. Brown, James S. Jackson, R.M. Sellers, and W.J. Manuel. 2003. "Teammates on and Off the Field? - Contact With Black Teammates and the Racial Attitudes of White Student Athletes." Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(7): 1379-1403.

The intergroup contact hypothesis holds that proximate, cooperative interactions on an equalized basis between Blacks and Whites can minimize Whites' prejudice (Allport, 1954). This experiment investigated the effect of contact between White and Black high school teammates on White student athletes' racial attitudes. Using the 1996 Social and Group Experiences (SAGE) survey (created by the authors and administered in the Fall of 1996) commissioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the results indicated a significant relationship between amount of contact with Black teammates in high school and racial policy support and affect, depending on the type of sport played. White student athletes playing team sports who had higher percentages of Blacks as high school teammates expressed more policy support for and greater positive affect toward Blacks as a group than did their counterparts playing individual sports. The role of athletic experiences in changing racial attitudes is discussed.

Common Ingroup Identity/ Intergroup Contact/ Hypothesis/ Bias/ Cooperation/ Desegregation/ Integration/ Sport

Browse | Search

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Erin Cech explains her research on the "passion principle," and how America's obsession with pursuing and pushing towards a "#dreamjob" is flawed

Shaefer notes success of initial CARES Act stimulus and concerns over a new round of COVID-19 shutdown support under a Biden presidency

More News


Faul's three-nation research to examine relationships between social factors and epigenetics

Open for Registration: Principles of Text Analysis Workshop

More Highlights

Connect with PSC follow PSC on Twitter Like PSC on Facebook