Minority Suburbanization and Continued "White Flight" in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Assessing Findings from the 1990 Census
Frey, William H. 1994. "Minority Suburbanization and Continued "White Flight" in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Assessing Findings from the 1990 Census." Research in Community Sociology, 4: 15-42.
This paper provides an overview of minority suburbanization and continued "white flight" for 314 metropolitan areas (MSAs/PMSAs/NECMAs) as defined as of June 30, 1990. It addresses the questions: Which minorities -- blacks, Hispanics, or Asians -- are suburbanizing faster in the 1980s? How do these patterns differ across metropolitan areas of different types? To what degree does white flight respond to city-minority presence in metropolitan-wide minority growth? For the black population, 1980s suburba nization patterns are contrasted with those of the previous two decades. The paper also evaluates how 1980-1990 minority and majority (non-Hispanic white) suburbanization has affected the race and ethnic compositions of the nation's suburbs. It identifi es metropolitan suburbs with greatest increases in black, Hispanic, and Asian representation, as well as those most and least segregated from their central cities.