Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2008 (2 volumes)

Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2008 (2 volumes)

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Johnston, Lloyd, and Patrick M. O'Malley. 2009. Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2008 (2 volumes). Bethesda, Md. : National Institute on Drug Abuse, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health,.

The Monitoring the Future (MTF) study is an ongoing series of national surveys of American adolescents and adults that has provided the nation with a vital window into the important, but largely hidden, problem behaviors of illegal drug use, alcohol use, tobacco use, anabolic steroid use, and psychotherapeutic drug use. For a third of a century, the study has provided a clearer view of the changing topography of these problems among adolescents and adults, a better understanding of the dynamics of factors that drive some of these problems, and a better understanding of some of their consequences. It has also given policymakers and nongovernmental organizations in the field some practical approaches for intervening. MTF is an investigator-initiated study that originated with, and is conducted by, a team of research scientists at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research. It has been continuously funded since its onset in 1975 by the National Institute on Drug Abuse-one of the National Institutes of Health-under a series of peer-reviewed, competitive research grants. The 2008 survey, reported here, is the 34th in this series. A widespread epidemic of illicit drug use emerged in the 1960s among American youth, and since then dramatic changes have occurred in the use of nearly all drugs involved, as well as alcohol and tobacco. Of particular importance, as discussed in detail below, many new illicit drugs have emerged, along with some new forms of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Among the newly abused substances are some new classes, including over-the-counter medications and drugs taken for strength enhancement. Unfortunately, while many new substances have been added to the list, very few have been removed. Throughout these many changes, substance use among the nation's youth has remained a major concern for parents, teachers, youth workers, health professionals, law enforcement, and policymakers, largely because substance use is one of the greatest, and yet most preventable, causes of morbidity and mortality among young people. This annual monograph series has been the primary vehicle for disseminating the epidemiological findings from the study. This latest two-volume monograph presents the results of the 34th survey of drug use and related attitudes and beliefs among American high school seniors, the 29th such survey of American college students, and the 18th such survey of 8th- and 10th-grade students. Results are also reported for high school graduates followed in a series of panel studies through age 50. Results from the samples of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders are contained in Volume I, which is preceded by two national press releases and an advance summary report.1 Results on college students and adults are reported each year in Volume II, which is published a few months after Volume I.

Country of focus: United States of America.

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