Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Shaefer says complex reasons for poverty make solutions challenging

Anderson discusses excess deaths under Stalin with BBC

More Fulbright Scholars from U-M than from any other research university in the US

More News

Highlights

Apply by 2/23 for Weinberg Population, Development & Climate Change funding

Needham, Hicken, Mitchell and colleagues link maternal social disadvantage and newborn telomere length

New Investigator Mentoring Program. Applications due Mar 1

PSC launches new program to support population scientists across U-M

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, March 5, 2018, noon: Judith Seltzer on Family Complexity

Causal thinking and complex system approaches in epidemiology

Publication Abstract

Galea, Sandro, M. Riddle, and George A. Kaplan. 2010. "Causal thinking and complex system approaches in epidemiology." International Journal of Epidemiology, 39(1): 97-106.

Identifying biological and behavioural causes of diseases has been one of the central concerns of epidemiology for the past half century. This has led to the development of increasingly sophisticated conceptual and analytical approaches focused on the isolation of single causes of disease states. However, the growing recognition that (i) factors at multiple levels, including biological, behavioural and group levels may influence health and disease, and (ii) that the interrelation among these factors often includes dynamic feedback and changes over time challenges this dominant epidemiological paradigm. Using obesity as an example, we discuss how the adoption of complex systems dynamic models allows us to take into account the causes of disease at multiple levels, reciprocal relations and interrelation between causes that characterize the causation of obesity. We also discuss some of the key difficulties that the discipline faces in incorporating these methods into non-infectious disease epidemiology. We conclude with a discussion of a potential way forward.

DOI:10.1093/ije/dyp296 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC2912489. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next