The Association Between Community Physical Activity Settings and Youth Physical Activity, Obesity, and Body Mass Index

Archived Abstract of Former PSC Researcher

Slater, Sandy J., Reid Ewing, Lisa M. Powell, Frank J. Chaloupka, Lloyd Johnston, and Patrick M. O'Malley. 2010. "The Association Between Community Physical Activity Settings and Youth Physical Activity, Obesity, and Body Mass Index." Journal of Adolescent Health, 47(5): 496-503.

Background: This study examined the association between the level of physical activity (PA) friendliness of the built environment and adolescent PA and body mass index using a national sample of youth and data collected from the communities where they reside.

Methods: Data on height, weight, and PA were taken from annual nationally representative cross-sectional Monitoring the Future surveys of 8th and 10th graders in schools, from 2001 through 2003. Measures of safety, outdoor and commercial PA settings, and urban sprawl were constructed using data collected from the communities in which the students reside. Multilevel models were run and controlled for youth and community demographic and socioeconomic characteristics.

Results: Increased levels of physical disorder were associated with decreased PA and higher weight. A greater number of commercial PA facilities was associated with increased PA. More compact communities were associated with lower weight and less sports participation.

Conclusions: It is important to explore these associations to help guide future development patterns and land use policies to create more active neighborhoods. (C) 2010 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.

10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.03.017

PMCID: PMC2963857. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search | Books

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Erin Cech explains her research on the "passion principle," and how America's obsession with pursuing and pushing towards a "#dreamjob" is flawed

Shaefer notes success of initial CARES Act stimulus and concerns over a new round of COVID-19 shutdown support under a Biden presidency

More News

Highlights

Faul's three-nation research to examine relationships between social factors and epigenetics

Open for Registration: Principles of Text Analysis Workshop

More Highlights


Connect with PSC follow PSC on Twitter Like PSC on Facebook