Home > Publications . Search All . Browse All . Country . Browse PSC Pubs . PSC Report Series

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Shaefer says complex reasons for poverty make solutions challenging

Anderson discusses excess deaths under Stalin with BBC

More Fulbright Scholars from U-M than from any other research university in the US

More News

Highlights

Apply by 2/23 for Weinberg Population, Development & Climate Change funding

Needham, Hicken, Mitchell and colleagues link maternal social disadvantage and newborn telomere length

New Investigator Mentoring Program. Applications due Mar 1

PSC launches new program to support population scientists across U-M

More Highlights

Next Brown Bag

Mon, March 5, 2018, noon: Judith Seltzer on Family Complexity

Martha J. Bailey photo

Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish

Publication Abstract

Bailey, Martha J., and William J. Collins. 2011. "Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish." American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 3(2): 189-217.

We examine the hypothesis that advances in household technology caused the US baby boom, and we find no support for this claim. Advances in household technology occurred before the baby boom, while fertility declined. From 1940 to 1960, levels/changes in county-level appliance ownership and electrification negatively predict levels/changes in fertility rates. Exposure to electricity in early adulthood and children-ever-born are negatively correlated for the relevant cohorts. The Amish, who used modern technologies much less than other US households, experienced a coincident baby boom. This evidence can be reconciled with economic theory if other home-produced goods are substitutes with children.

DOI:10.1257/mac.3.2.189 (Full Text)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search : All Pubs | Next