Martha J. Bailey photo

Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish

Publication Abstract

Bailey, Martha J., and William J. Collins. 2011. "Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish." American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 3(2): 189-217.

We examine the hypothesis that advances in household technology caused the US baby boom, and we find no support for this claim. Advances in household technology occurred before the baby boom, while fertility declined. From 1940 to 1960, levels/changes in county-level appliance ownership and electrification negatively predict levels/changes in fertility rates. Exposure to electricity in early adulthood and children-ever-born are negatively correlated for the relevant cohorts. The Amish, who used modern technologies much less than other US households, experienced a coincident baby boom. This evidence can be reconciled with economic theory if other home-produced goods are substitutes with children.

10.1257/mac.3.2.189

Country of focus: United States of America.

Browse | Search | Books | Next

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Mitchell notes challenge of long term epigenetic human study design around pregnancy risks

Morenoff details How COVID-19 is Impacting Detroit Residents

More News

Highlights

Bloome wins a 2020 William Julius Wilson Early Career Award from Inequality, Poverty, and Mobility section of the ASA

Pfeffer recognized with William Julius Wilson Early Career Award from Inequality, Poverty, and Mobility section of the ASA

More Highlights


Connect with PSC follow PSC on Twitter Like PSC on Facebook