Twelfth-Grade Student Work Intensity Linked to Later Educational Attainment and Substance Use: New Longitudinal Evidence

Publication Abstract

Bachman, Jerald, J. Staff, Patrick M. O'Malley, John E. Schulenberg, and P. Freedman-Doan. 2011. "Twelfth-Grade Student Work Intensity Linked to Later Educational Attainment and Substance Use: New Longitudinal Evidence." Developmental Psychology, 47(2): 344-363.

Long hours of paid employment during high school have been linked to a variety of problem behaviors, but questions remain about whether and to what extent work intensity makes any causal contribution. This study addresses those questions by focusing on how 12th-grade work intensity is associated with substance use and educational attainment in the years following high school. It uses 2 nationally representative longitudinal data sets from the Monitoring the Future project, spanning a total of 3 decades. One data set tracks 8th graders for 8 years (modal ages 14-22) and provides extensive controls for possible prior causes; the second, larger data set tracks 12th graders for up to 12 years (to modal ages 29-30) and permits assessment of possible short-term and longer term consequences. Findings based on propensity score matching and multivariate regression analyses are highly consistent across the 2 sets of data. All findings show that more fundamental prior problems, including low academic performance and aspirations, make substantial contributions to substance use and long-term academic attainment (selection effects), but the findings also suggest that high work intensity during high school has long-term costs in terms of college completion and perhaps cigarette use.

10.1037/a0021027

PMCID: PMC3061345. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

Wellbeing of Older Persons in Southeast Asia (Bibliography)

Browse | Search | Books | Next

PSC In The News

RSS Feed icon

Miller comments on local efforts to provide healthcare to vulnerable populations

Shaefer discusses Americans with tight financial resources have fewer options as they navigate coronavirus closures and layoffs in NYT

Mehta's research on life expectancy crisis in the USA: The opioid crisis is not the decisive factor

More News

Highlights

Data Scientist Job Open at PSC/PDHP

New Investigator Mentoring Program (PDHP) Applications Sought

More Highlights


Connect with PSC follow PSC on Twitter Like PSC on Facebook