Changes in the Determinants of Marriage Entry in Post-Reform Urban China
Using national survey data and measures of housing prices, we examine the effects of demographic and socioeconomic determinants of entry into marriage in urban China spanning the past six decades. Our study yields three significant findings. First, the importance of economic prospects has significantly increased during the economic reform era. Second, the positive effect of working in the state-owned sector has substantially weakened. Third, for the most recent period after the housing reform in urban China, the effects of education vary with local housing prices. Specifically, a higher level of education is associated with early entry into marriage when housing prices are relatively high but with late entry into marriage when housing prices are relatively low. Taken together, these results suggest that the determinants of marriage in China should be understood within a broader context of institutional changes.
Country of focus: China.