Older People in Vietnamese amidst transformations in social welfare policy
Cong, Bui The, Truong Si Anh, Daniel M. Goodkind, John E. Knodel, and Jed Friedman. 2000. "Older People in Vietnamese amidst transformations in social welfare policy." In Ageing in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Policies and Future Trends edited by David R. Phillips. Routledge.
Governmental policies and measures regarding social welfare for the elderly have been transformed over recent decades in Vietnam. Prior to the 1980s, governmental policy stressed the primary role of the state in providing welfare of all citizens, includin g free health care and various forms of social security. More recently, particularly in the wake of market reforms, policy changes emphasize diffusing responsibility to a broader array of institutions including the family, the local community, and civil society. Currently, the bulk of government payments to elderly is directed to state retirees and those considered to have sacrificed for the nation. Recent survey findings make clear that both work and family are critical to the well-being of Vietnamese elders and are far more pervasive and important sources of financial and material support than is state assistance. Many elders continue working into their 60s and even 70s. Extensive familial support centered on adult children is prevalent throughout t he country; this support includes coresidence as well as the receipt of financial and other material support from non-coresident children.
Country of focus: Vietnam.