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Psychiatric Correlates of Behavioral Indicators of School Disengagement in the United States

Publication Abstract

Vaughn, Michael G., Jade Wexler, Kevin M. Beaver, Brian E. Perron, Gregory Roberts, and Qiang Fu. 2011. "Psychiatric Correlates of Behavioral Indicators of School Disengagement in the United States." Psychiatric Quarterly, 82(3): 191-206.

The current study examined relations between behavioral indicators of school disengagement and psychiatric disorders. Data was derived from a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 43,093). Indicators of school disengagement and diagnoses of personality, substance use, mood, and anxiety disorders were assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV-version. Findings from multinomial logistic regression analyses revealed that cumulative school disengagement is associated with increased odds of reporting a lifetime psychiatric disorder and general antisociality. Behavioral indicators of school disengagement such as absenteeism and cutting class are potentially important signs of psychiatric distress and conduct problems. In addition to attending to academic achievement outcomes school disengagement prevention strategies should consider targeting these psychiatric conditions in order to reduce school dropout.

DOI:10.1007/s11126-010-9160-0 (Full Text)

PMCID: PMC3174864. (Pub Med Central)

Country of focus: United States of America.

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