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U-M's Wolfers on study showing "outright hostility" toward women in economics

Savolainen links antisocial behavior in childhood to disadvantage and poverty in adulthood

Norton et al. put dollar value on relief from chronic pain for Americans age 50+

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Highlights

Viewing the eclipse from ISR-Thompson

Paula Fomby to succeed Jennifer Barber as Associate Director of PSC

PSC community celebrates Violet Elder's retirement from PSC

Neal Krause wins GSA's Robert Kleemeier Award

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Sarah E. Turner's Select Publications

Journal Articles

Ibrahim-Verbaas, C.A., J. Bressler, S. Debette, M. Schuur, A.V. Smith, J.C. Bis, G. Davies, S. Trompet, Jennifer A. Smith, C. Wolf, L.B. Chibnik, Y. Liu, V. Vitart, M. Kirin, K. Petrovic, O. Polasek, L. Zgaga, C. Fawns-Ritchie, P. Hoffmann, J. Karjalainen, J. Lahti, D.J. Llewellyn, C.O. Schmidt, K.A. Mather, V. Chouraki, Q. Sun, S.M. Resnick, L.M. Rose, C. Oldmeadow, M. Stewart, Barbara A. Smith, V. Gudnason, Q. Yang, S.S. Mirza, J.W. Jukema, P.L. deJager, T.B. Harris, D.C. Liewald, N. Amin, L.H. Coker, O. Stegle, O.L. Lopez, R. Schmidt, A. Teumer, I. Ford, N. Karbalai, J.T. Becker, M.K. Jonsdottir, R. Au, R. S. N. Fehrmann, S. Herms, M. Nalls, W. Zhao, Sarah E. Turner, K. Yaffe, K. Lohman, J.C. van Swieten, Sharon L. R. Kardia, D.S. Knopman, W.M. Meeks, G. Heiss, E.G. Holliday, P.W. Schofield, T. Tanaka, D.J. Stott, J. Wang, P. Ridker, A.J. Gow, A. Pattie, J.M. Starr, L.J. Hocking, N.J. Armstrong, S. McLachlan, J.M. Shulman, L.C. Pilling, G. Eiriksdottir, R.J. Scott, N.A. Kochan, A. Palotie, Y.C. Hsieh, J.G. Eriksson, A. Penman, R.F. Gottesman, B.A. Oostra, L. Yu, A.L. DeStefano, A. Beiser, M. Garcia, J.I. Rotter, M.M. Nothen, A. Hofman, P.E. Slagboom, R. G. J. Westendorp, B.M. Buckley, P.A. Wolf, A.G. Uitterlinden, B.M. Psaty, H.J. Grabe, S. Bandinelli, and D.I. Chasman, et al. 2016. "GWAS for executive function and processing speed suggests involvement of the CADM2 gene." Mol Psychiatry, 21(2): 189-197. DOI. Abstract.

Joehanes, R., A.C. Just, R.E. Marioni, L.C. Pilling, L.M. Reynolds, P.R. Mandaviya, W.H. Guan, T. Xu, C.E. Elks, S. Aslibekyan, H. Moreno-Macias, Jennifer A. Smith, J.A. Brody, R. Dhingra, P. Yousefi, J.S. Pankow, S. Kunze, S.H. Shah, A.F. McRae, K. Lohman, J. Sha, D.M. Absher, L. Ferrucci, W. Zhao, E.W. Demerath, J. Bressler, M.L. Grove, T.X. Huan, C.Y. Liu, M.M. Mendelson, C. Yao, D.P. Kiel, A. Peters, R. Wang-Sattler, P.M. Visscher, N.R. Wray, J.M. Starr, J.Z. Ding, C.J. Rodriguez, N.J. Wareham, M.R. Irvin, D.G. Zhi, M. Barrdahl, P. Vineis, S. Ambatipudi, A.G. Uitterlinden, A. Hofman, J. Schwartz, E. Colicino, L.F. Hou, P.S. Vokonas, D.G. Hernandez, A.B. Singleton, S. Bandinelli, Sarah E. Turner, Erin Bakshis Ware, A.K. Smith, T. Klengel, E.B. Binder, B.M. Psaty, K.D. Taylor, S.A. Gharib, B.R. Swenson, L.M. Liang, D.L. DeMeo, G.T. O'Connor, Z. Herceg, K.J. Ressler, K.N. Conneely, N. Sotoodehnia, Sharon L. R. Kardia, D. Melzer, A.A. Baccarelli, J. B. J. van Meurs, I. Romieu, D.K. Arnett, K.K. Ong, Y.M. Liu, M. Waldenberger, I.J. Deary, M. Fornage, D. Levy, and S.J. London. 2016. "Epigenetic Signatures of Cigarette Smoking." Circulation-Cardiovascular Genetics, 9(5): 436-447. DOI. Abstract.

Ligthart, S., C. Marzi, S. Aslibekyan, M.M. Mendelson, K.N. Conneely, T. Tanaka, E. Colicino, Linda J. Waite, R. Joehanes, W.H. Guan, J.A. Brody, C. Elks, R. Marioni, M.A. Jhun, G. Agha, J. Bressler, C.K. Ward-Caviness, B.H. Chen, T.X. Huan, K. Bakulski, E.L. Salfati, S. Wahl, K. Schramm, J. Sha, D.G. Hernandez, A.C. Just, Jennifer A. Smith, N. Sotoodehnia, L.C. Pilling, J.S. Pankow, P.S. Tsao, C.Y. Liu, W. Zhao, S. Guarrera, V.J. Michopoulos, A.K. Smith, M.J. Peters, D. Melzer, P. Vokonas, M. Fornage, H. Prokisch, J.C. Bis, A.Y. Chu, C. Herder, H. Grallert, C. Yao, S. Shah, A.F. McRae, Hui-Sheng Lin, S. Horvath, D. Fallin, A. Hofman, N.J. Wareham, K.L. Wiggins, A.P. Feinberg, J.M. Starr, P.M. Visscher, J.M. Murabito, Sharon L. R. Kardia, D.M. Absher, E.B. Binder, A.B. Singleton, S. Bandinelli, A. Peters, M. Waldenberger, G. Matullo, J.D. Schwartz, E.W. Demerath, A.G. Uitterlinden, J. B. J. van Meurs, O.H. Franco, Y. D. I. Chen, D. Levy, Sarah E. Turner, I.J. Deary, K.J. Ressler, J. Dupuis, L. Ferrucci, K.K. Ong, T.L. Assimes, E. Boerwinkle, W. Koenig, D.K. Arnett, A.A. Baccarelli, E.J. Benjamin, and A. Dehghan, et al. 2016. "DNA methylation signatures of chronic low-grade inflammation are associated with complex diseases." Genome Biology, 17. DOI. Abstract.

Natarajan, P., J.C. Bis, L.F. Bielak, A.J. Cox, M. Dorr, M.F. Feitosa, N. Franceschini, X. Guo, Sun-Jae Hwang, A. Isaacs, M.A. Jhun, M. Kavousi, R. Li-Gao, L.P. Lyytikainen, R.E. Marioni, U. Schminke, N.O. Stitziel, H. Tada, J. van Setten, A.V. Smith, D. Vojinovic, L.R. Yanek, J. Yao, L.M. Yerges-Armstrong, N. Amin, U. Baber, I.B. Borecki, J.J. Carr, Y. D. I. Chen, L.A. Cupples, P.A. de Jong, H. de Koning, B.D. de Vos, A. Demirkan, V. Fuster, O.H. Franco, M.O. Goodarzi, T.B. Harris, S.R. Heckbert, G. Heiss, U. Hoffmann, A. Hofman, I. Isgum, J.W. Jukema, M. Kahonen, Sharon L. R. Kardia, B.G. Kral, L.J. Launer, J. Massaro, R. Mehran, B.D. Mitchell, T. H. M. Jr, R. de Mutsert, A.B. Newman, K.D. Nguyen, K.E. North, J.R. O'Connell, M. Oudkerk, J.S. Pankow, G.M. Peloso, W. Post, M.A. Province, L.M. Raffield, O.T. Raitakari, D.F. Reilly, F. Rivadeneira, F. Rosendaal, S. Sartori, K.D. Taylor, A. Teumer, S. Trompet, Sarah E. Turner, A.G. Uitterlinden, D. Vaidya, A. van der Lugt, U. Volker, J.M. Wardlaw, C.L. Wassel, S. Weiss, M.K. Wojczynski, D.M. Becker, L.C. Becker, E. Boerwinkle, D.W. Bowden, I.J. Deary, A. Dehghan, S.B. Felix, V. Gudnason, T. Lehtimaki, R. Mathias, D.O. Mook-Kanamori, B.M. Psaty, D.J. Rader, J.I. Rotter, J.G. Wilson, C.M. van Duijn, H. Volzke, S. Kathiresan, P.A. Peyser, and C.J. O'Donnell, et al. 2016. "Multiethnic Exome-Wide Association Study of Subclinical Atherosclerosis." Circulation-Cardiovascular Genetics, 9(6): 511-+. DOI. Abstract.

Weissgerber, T.L., Sarah E. Turner, T.H. Mosley, Sharon L. R. Kardia, C.L. Hanis, N.M. Milic, and V.D. Garovic. 2016. "Hypertension in Pregnancy and Future Cardiovascular Event Risk in Siblings." Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 27(3): 894-902. DOI. Abstract.

Zhao, W., Jennifer A. Smith, G.M. Mao, M. Fornage, P.A. Peyser, Y.V. Sun, Sarah E. Turner, and Sharon L. R. Kardia. 2015. "The cis and trans effects of the risk variants of coronary artery disease in the Chr9p21 region." BMC Medical Genomics, 8. DOI. Abstract.

Debette, S., C. A. I. Verbaas, J. Bressler, M. Schuur, A. Smith, J.C. Bis, G. Davies, C. Wolf, V. Gudnason, L.B. Chibnik, Q. Yang, A.L. Destefano, D. J. F. de Quervain, V. Srikanth, J. Lahti, H.J. Grabe, Jennifer A. Smith, L. Priebe, L. Yu, N. Karbalai, C. Hayward, J.F. Wilson, H. Campbell, K. Petrovic, M. Fornage, G. Chauhan, R.B. Yeo, R. Boxall, J. Becker, O. Stegle, K.A. Mather, V. Chouraki, Q. Sun, L.M. Rose, S. Resnick, C. Oldmeadow, M. Kirin, A.F. Wright, M.K. Jonsdottir, R.D. Au, A. Becker, N. Amin, M.A. Nalls, Sarah E. Turner, Sharon L. R. Kardia, B. Oostra, G. Windham, L.H. Coker, W. Zhao, D.S. Knopman, G. Heiss, M.E. Griswold, R.F. Gottesman, V. Vitart, N.D. Hastie, L. Zgaga, I. Rudan, O. Polasek, E.G. Holliday, P. Schofield, S.H. Choi, T. Tanaka, Y. An, R.T. Perry, R.E. Kennedy, M.M. Sale, J. Wang, V.G. Wadley, D.C. Liewald, P.M. Ridker, A.J. Gow, A. Pattie, J.M. Starr, D. Porteous, Xian Liu, R. Thomson, N.J. Armstrong, G. Eiriksdottir, A.A. Assareh, N.A. Kochan, E. Widen, A. Palotie, Y.C. Hsieh, J.G. Eriksson, C. Vogler, J.C. van Swieten, J.M. Shulman, A. Beiser, J. Rotter, C.O. Schmidt, W. Hoffmann, M.M. Nothen, L. Ferrucci, J. Attia, A.G. Uitterlinden, P. Amouyel, J.F. Dartigues, H. Amieva, K. Raikkonen, and M. Garcia, et al. 2015. "Genome-wide Studies of Verbal Declarative Memory in Nondemented Older People: The Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Consortium." Biological Psychiatry, 77(8): 749-763. DOI. Abstract.

Gorski, M., A. Tin, M. Garnaas, G.M. McMahon, A.Y. Chu, B.O. Tayo, C. Pattaro, A. Teumer, D.I. Chasman, J. Chalmers, P. Hamet, J. Tremblay, M. Woodward, T. Aspelund, G. Eiriksdottir, V. Gudnason, T.B. Harris, L.J. Launer, A.V. Smith, B.D. Mitchell, J.R. O'Connell, A.R. Shuldiner, J. Coresh, M. Li, P. Freudenberger, E. Hofer, H. Schmidt, R. Schmidt, E.G. Holliday, P. Mitchell, J.J. Wang, I.H. de Boer, G. Li, D.S. Siscovick, Z. Kutalik, T. Corre, P. Vollenweider, G. Waeber, J. Gupta, P.A. Kanetsky, Sun-Jae Hwang, M. Olden, Q. Yang, M. de Andrade, E.J. Atkinson, Sharon L. R. Kardia, Sarah E. Turner, J.M. Stafford, J.Z. Ding, Y.M. Liu, C. Barlassina, D. Cusi, E. Salvi, J.A. Staessen, P.M. Ridker, H. Grallert, C. Meisinger, M. Muller-Nurasyid, B.K. Kramer, H. Kramer, S.E. Rosas, I.M. Nolte, B.W. Penninx, H. Snieder, M.F. Del Greco, A. Franke, U. Nothlings, W. Lieb, S. J. L. Bakker, R.T. Gansevoort, P. van der Harst, A. Dehghan, O.H. Franco, A. Hofman, F. Rivadeneira, S. Sedaghat, A.G. Uitterlinden, S. Coassin, M. Haun, B. Kollerits, F. Kronenberg, B. Paulweber, N. Aumann, K. Endlich, M. Pietzner, U. Volker, R. Rettig, V. Chouraki, C. Helmer, J.C. Lambert, M. Metzger, B. Stengel, T. Lehtimaki, L.P. Lyytikainen, O. Raitakari, Allan Griswold Johnson, A. Parsa, M. Bochud, I.M. Heid, and W. Goessling, et al. 2015. "Genome-wide association study of kidney function decline in individuals of European descent." Kidney International, 87(5): 1017-1029. DOI. Abstract.

Perinpam, M., Erin Bakshis Ware, Jennifer A. Smith, Sarah E. Turner, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and J.C. Lieske. 2015. "Effect of Demographics on Excretion of Key Urinary Factors Related to Kidney Stone Risk." Urology, 86(4): 690-696. DOI. Abstract.

Verhaaren, B. F. J., S. Debette, J.C. Bis, Jennifer A. Smith, M.K. Ikram, H.H. Adams, A.H. Beecham, K.B. Rajan, L.M. Lopez, S. Barral, M.A. van Buchem, J. van der Grond, A.V. Smith, K. Hegenscheid, N.T. Aggarwal, M. de Andrade, E.J. Atkinson, M. Beekman, A.S. Beiser, S.H. Blanton, E. Boerwinkle, A.M. Brickman, R.N. Bryan, G. Chauhan, Cplh Chen, V. Chouraki, A. J. M. de Craen, F. Crivello, I.J. Deary, J. Deelen, P.L. De Jager, C. Dufouil, M. S. V. Elkind, D.A. Evans, P. Freudenberger, R.F. Gottesman, V. Gudnason, M. Habes, S.R. Heckbert, G. Heiss, S. Hilal, E. Hofer, A. Hofman, C.A. Ibrahim-Verbaas, D.S. Knopman, C.E. Lewis, J.M. Liao, D. C. M. Liewald, M. Luciano, A. van der Lugt, O.O. Martinez, R. Mayeux, B. Mazoyer, M. Nalls, M. Nauck, W.J. Niessen, B.A. Oostra, B.M. Psaty, K.M. Rice, J.I. Rotter, B. von Sarnowski, H. Schmidt, P.J. Schreiner, M. Schuur, S.S. Sidney, S. Sigurdsson, P.E. Slagboom, D. J. M. Stott, J.C. van Swieten, A. Teumer, A.M. Toglhofer, M. Traylor, S. Trompet, Sarah E. Turner, C. Tzourio, H.W. Uh, A.G. Uitterlinden, M.W. Vernooij, J.J. Wang, T.Y. Wong, J.M. Wardlaw, B.G. Windham, K. Wittfeld, C. Wolf, C.B. Wright, Q. Yang, W. Zhao, A. Zijdenbos, J.W. Jukema, R.L. Sacco, Sharon L. R. Kardia, P. Amouyel, T.H. Mosley, W.T. Longstreth, C.C. DeCarli, C.M. van Duijn, R. Schmidt, L.J. Launer, H.J. Grabe, and S.S. Seshadri, et al. 2015. "Multiethnic Genome-Wide Association Study of Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensities on MRI." Circulation-Cardiovascular Genetics, 8(2): 398-+. DOI. Abstract.

Ware, Erin Bakshis, E. Riehle, Jennifer A. Smith, W. Zhao, Sarah E. Turner, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and J.C. Lieske. 2015. "SLC2A9 Genotype Is Associated with SLC2A9 Gene Expression and Urinary Uric Acid Concentration." Plos One, 10(7). DOI. Abstract.

Weissgerber, T.L., N.M. Milic, Sarah E. Turner, R.A. Asad, T.H. Mosley, Sharon L. R. Kardia, C.L. Hanis, and V.D. Garovic. 2015. "Uric Acid: A Missing Link Between Hypertensive Pregnancy Disorders and Future Cardiovascular Disease?" Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 90(9): 1207-1216. DOI. Abstract.

Bound, John, Murat Demirci, Gaurav Khanna, and Sarah E. Turner. 2015. "Finishing degrees and finding jobs: US higher education and the flow of foreign it workers." Innovation Policy and the Economy, 15(1): 27-72. DOI. Abstract.

Lieske, J., Sarah E. Turner, S. Edeh, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and Jennifer Smith. 2014. "Heritability of Urinary Traits That Contribute to Nephrolithiasis." Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 9(5): 943-950. DOI. Abstract.

Kim, D., L. Bielak, C. Wu, Y. Sun, P. Sheedy, Sarah E. Turner, P. Peyser, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and Jennifer Smith. 2014. "The relationship between diastolic blood pressure and coronary artery calcification is dependent on single nucleotide polymorphisms on chromosome 9p21.3." Bmc Medical Genetics, 15. PMCID: PMC4168694. DOI. Abstract.

Sun, Y., A. Smith, K. Conneely, Q. Chang, W. Li, A. Lazarus, L. Almli, E. Binder, T. Klengel, D. Cross, Sarah E. Turner, K. Ressler, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and Jennifer A. Smith. 2013. "Epigenomic association analysis identifies smoking-related DNA methylation sites in African Americans." Human Genetics, 132(9): 1027-1037. PMCID: PMC3744600. DOI. Abstract.

Sun, Y., A. Lazarus, Y. Chuang, W. Zhao, Sarah E. Turner, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and Jennifer A. Smith. 2013. "Gene-Specific DNA Methylation Association with Serum Levels of C-Reactive Protein in African Americans." PLOS ONE, 8(8). PMCID: PMC3747126. DOI. Abstract.

Kattah, A., R. Asad, D. Scantlebury, K. Bailey, H. Wiste, S. Hunt, T. Mosley, Sharon L. R. Kardia, Sarah E. Turner, and V. Garovic. 2013. "Hypertension in Pregnancy Is a Risk Factor for Microalbuminuria Later in Life." Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 15(9): 617-623. PMCID: PMC3775278. DOI. Abstract.

Weissgerber, T., Sarah E. Turner, K. Bailey, T.r. Mosley, Sharon L. R. Kardia, H. Wiste, V. Miller, I. Kullo, and V. Garovic. 2013. "Hypertension in pregnancy is a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease decades after pregnancy." Atherosclerosis, 229(1): 212-216. PMCID: PMC3694211. DOI. Abstract.

Brown, Catherine M., Sarah E. Turner, K. Bailey, T.r. Mosley, Sharon L. R. Kardia, H. Wiste, I. Kullo, and V. Garovic. 2013. "Hypertension in pregnancy is associated with elevated C-reactive protein levels later in life." Journal of Hypertension, 31(11): 2213-2219. PMCID: PMC3925682. DOI. Abstract.

Cassidy-Bushrow, A., L. Bielak, A. Levin, P. Sheedy, Sarah E. Turner, E. Boerwinkle, X. Lin, Sharon L. R. Kardia, and P. Peyser. 2013. "Matrix Gla Protein Gene Polymorphism Is Associated With Increased Coronary Artery Calcification Progression." Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 33(3): 645-+. DOI. Abstract.

Bound, John, Breno Braga, Joseph Golden, and Sarah E. Turner. 2013. "Pathways to Adjustment: The Case of Information Technology Workers." American Economic Review, 103(3): 203-207. DOI. Abstract.

Bound, John, Michael Lovenheim, and Sarah E. Turner. 2012. "Increasing Time to Baccalaureate Degree in the United States." Education Finance and Policy, 7(4): 375-424. DOI. Abstract.

Bound, John, and Sarah E. Turner. 2007. "Cohort crowding: How resources affect collegiate attainment." Journal of Public Economics, 91(5-6): 877-899. DOI. Abstract.

Krueger, Alan, Jesse Rothstein, and Sarah E. Turner. 2006. "Race, Income and College in 25 Years: Evaluating Justice O'Connor's Conjecture." American Law and Economics Review, 8(2): 282-311. DOI. Abstract.

Pallais, A., and Sarah E. Turner. 2006. "Opportunities for low-income students at top colleges and universities: Policy initiatives and the distribution of students." National Tax Journal, 59(2): 357-386. Abstract.

Howell, C., and Sarah E. Turner. 2004. "Legacies in Black and White: the Racial Composition of the Legacy Pool." Research in Higher Education, 45(4): 325-351. DOI. Abstract.

Bound, John, J. Groen, G. Kezdi, and Sarah E. Turner. 2004. "Trade in University Training: Cross-State Variation in the Production and Stock of College-Educated Labor." Journal of Econometrics, 121(1-2): 143-173. DOI. Abstract.

Turner, Sarah E., and John Bound. 2003. "Closing the Gap or Widening the Divide: The Effects of the G.I. Bill and World War II on the Educational Outcomes of Black Americans." Journal of Economic History, 63(1): 145-177. DOI. Abstract.

Bound, John, and Sarah E. Turner. 2002. "Going to War and Going to College: Did the World War II and the G.I. Bill Increase Educational Attainment for Returning Veterans?" Journal of Labor Economics, 20(4): 784-815. DOI. Abstract.

Seftor, N.S., and Sarah E. Turner. 2002. "Back to School - Federal Student Aid Policy and Adult College Enrollment." Journal of Human Resources, 37(2): 336-352. Abstract.

Turner, Sarah E., L.A. Meserve, and W.G. Bowen. 2001. "Winning and Giving: Football Results and Alumni Giving at Selective Private Colleges and Universities." Social Science Quarterly, 82(4): 812-826. Abstract.

Chapters

Bound, John, Sarah E. Turner, and Patrick M. Walsh. 2009. "Internationalization of U.S. doctorate education." In Science and engineering careers in the United States: an analysis of markets and employment edited by Richard B Freeman, Daniel L Goroff. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Blanchard, E., John Bound, and Sarah E. Turner. 2009. "Opening (and Closing) Doors: Country-Specific Shocks in U.S. Doctoral Education." In Doctoral education and the faculty of the future edited by Ehrenberg, Ronald G., Kuh, Charlotte V.. :224-248. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Fitzpatrick, Maria, and Sarah E. Turner. 2007. "Blurring the Boundary: Changes in the Transition from College Participation to Adulthood." In The price of independence: the economics of early adulthood edited by Danziger, Sheldon and Cecilia Rouse. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Turner, Sarah E. 2007. "Higher Education: Policies Generating the 21st Century Workforce." In Workforce Policies for a Changing Economy edited by Holzer, H. and D. Nightingale . Washington DC. Urban Institute Press.

Pallais, Amanda, and Sarah E. Turner. 2007. "Access to Elites: The Growth of Programs to Increase Opportunities for Low-Income Students at Selective Universities." In Economic Inequality and Higher Education: Access, Persistence, and Success edited by Stacy Dickert-Conlin and Ross Rubenstein. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Turner, Sarah E. 2006. "Higher Tuition, Higher Aid and the Quest to Improve Opportunities for Low Income Students in Selective, Public Higher Education." In What's Happening to Public Higher Education edited by Ehrenberg, Ronald. 251-274. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press for the American Council on Education.

Pusser, Brian, and Sarah E. Turner. 2004. "Nonprofit and For-Profit Governance in Higher Education." In Governing Academia edited by Ronald G. Ehrenberg . Pp. 235-257. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Turner, Sarah E. 2001. "The Evolving Production Functions of Schools of Education." In Faculty Work in Schools of Education: Rethinking Roles and Rewards for the Twenty-first Century edited by William G. Tierney . Pp. 103-124. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

PSC Reports

Bound, John, Breno Braga, Gaurav Khanna, and Sarah E. Turner. 2016. "A Passage to America: University Funding and International Students." PSC Research Report No. 16-859. 3 2016. Abstract. PDF.

Bound, John, Michael Lovenheim, and Sarah E. Turner. 2010. "Increasing Time to Baccalaureate Degree in the United States." PSC Research Report No. 10-698. 4 2010. Abstract. PDF.

Bound, John, Sarah E. Turner, and Patrick Walsh. 2009. "Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education." PSC Research Report No. 09-675. 3 2009. Abstract. PDF.

Blanchard, Emily, John Bound, and Sarah E. Turner. 2009. "Opening (and Closing) Doors: Country-Specific Shocks in U.S. Doctorate Education." PSC Research Report No. 09-674. 2 2009. Abstract. PDF.

Bound, John, Michael Lovenheim, and Sarah E. Turner. 2007. "Understanding the Decrease in College Completion Rates and the Increased Time to the Baccalaureate Degree." PSC Research Report No. 07-626. 11 2007. Abstract. PDF.

Bound, John, and Sarah E. Turner. 2004. "Cohort Crowding: How Resources Affect Collegiate Attainment." PSC Research Report No. 04-557. 4 2004. Abstract. PDF.

Bound, John, and Sarah E. Turner. 2000. "Going to War and Going to College: Did World War II and the G.I. Bill Increase Educational Attainment for Returning Veterans?" PSC Research Report No. 00-453. 9 2000. Abstract. PDF.

Other Reports

Bound, John, Michael Lovenheim, and Sarah E. Turner. 2010. "Increasing time to baccalaureate degree in the United States." Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research)Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Abstract.