Preventing and Mitigating Periconceptional Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Women in Ghana Through Enhanced Animal-Source Food Value Chains: A Formative and Feasibility Study
This proposed research responds directly to the critical need to understand the potential for animal production interventions to prevent and mitigate anemia among women of reproductive age in the periconceptional period in low-income regions. There is a dearth of evidence to support policy or programmatic interventions in this area, especially related to interventions at different points along the food value chain (i.e., a specific case of a food supply chain wherein economic or nutritional value is accrued or lost for stakeholders at different steps in the chain through the functioning of the
chain as a interactive unit) (1). This lack of evidence exists despite the clear potential for agricultural interventions to provide nutritional benefits to low income, difficult-to-reach populations through multiple complementary pathways. We focus in particular on anemia among adolescent girls, and other WRA in the periconceptional period (i.e., the period prior to conception through to early pregnancy). This focus is based on a) the importance of addressing periconceptional anemia among women for improving maternal and child nutrition outcomes in the first 1,000 days, b) the extent and scale of the problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and c) the fact that this population has received much less attention from research and policy initiatives despite their extreme vulnerability.
Funding Period: 9/13/2016 to 12/31/2017